Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. Access 2000 Straight to the Point PDF specific problem is: redundant footnotes — can be consolidated. All the food visible is relatively imperishable: dried, processed and tinned products, which may have a low vitamin and nutritional content compared to fresher produce.
Shown below is a vegetable counter of a larger supermarket. A food desert is an area, especially one with low-income residents, that has limited access to affordable and nutritious food. 5 million Americans live in a food desert, meaning that they live more than one mile from a supermarket in urban or suburban areas, and more than 10 miles from a supermarket in rural areas. By 1973, « desert » was ascribed to suburban areas lacking amenities important for community development. Cummins and Macintyre report that a resident of public housing in western Scotland supposedly coined the more specific phrase « food desert » in the early 1990s. Initial research was narrowed to the impact of retail migration from the urban center. The multitude of definitions which vary by country have fueled controversy over the existence of food deserts.
According to the Medley Food Desert Project, nearly 24 million Americans live in food deserts. Food deserts are heavily concentrated in southern states, which correlates with concentration of poverty. The map presents percentages of people without cars living in areas with no supermarket within a mile. Distance-based measurements are used to measure food accessibility and identify food deserts. Economic Research Service measures distance by dividing the country into multiple 0. The distance from the geographic center of each grid to the nearest grocery store gauges food accessibility for the people living in that grid.
Different factors are excluded or included that affect the scale of distance. The USDA maintains an online interactive mapping tool for the U. Food Access Research Atlas, » which applies four different measurement standards to identify areas of low food access based on distance from the nearest supermarket. The second and third standards adjust the scale of distance and factor income to define a food desert.
The fourth standard takes vehicular mobility into account. 100 households or more with no vehicle access live at least 0. 5 miles from the nearest large grocery store. For populations with vehicle access, the standard changes to 500 households or more living at least 20 miles away.