Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the French military unit. The Charging Chasseur by Théodore Géricault, depicting an officer of the Chasseurs à Cheval de la Garde Impériale. The chasseurs à pied were the light infantrymen of the French Imperial CHASSEURS ALPINS PDF. From 1840, they wore a long-skirted frock coat.
Following the Napoleonic Wars the chasseurs à pied continued to exist as a separate corps within the infantry. By the late 19th century the differences between the two branches were confined to uniform and insignia, although the chasseurs retained a strong esprit de corps. During World War I the French Army maintained 31 battalions of infantry chasseurs plus a varying number of reserve and territorial units. Each infantry division was expected to include at least one battalion of either chasseurs à pied or chasseurs alpine.
Each battalion had an establishment of 1300 to 1500 men. Distinguished by dark green uniforms and a bugle-horn badge, they were frequently used as advance scouting units providing valuable information on enemy movements. During the French occupation of Algeria, regiments of chasseurs d’Afrique were raised. These were light cavalry recruited originally from French volunteers and subsequently from the French settlers in North Africa doing their military service. As such they were the mounted equivalent of the zouaves. In preparation for the invasion of Russia, Napoleon ordered a further creation of units for the Guard that included Régiment de Flanqueurs-Chasseurs de la Garde Impériale that were with the other regiment of Flanqueurs-Grenadiers mainly composed with sons and nephews of forest service civil servants or with young people that wanted to grant a position within the Waters and Forests Administration after their military service.
They were organized in 48 companies and many sections. In the French colonial empire, they were mounted infantry organized in three light horse squadrons. The chasseurs forestiers existed between 1875 and 1924. Bataillons de chasseurs are light infantry units created after 1838. Régiments de chasseurs are units of the « Arme Blindée Cavalerie » : armoured units. The basic organic unit is called regiment and not bataillon to avoid confusing cavalry and infantry chasseurs. Chasseurs Alpins are the elite mountain infantry of the modern French Army.
They are trained to operate in mountainous terrain and to undertake urban warfare. Although the traditions of these different branches of the French Army are very different, there is still a tendency to confuse one with the other. For example, when World War I veteran Léon Weil died, the AFP press agency stated that he was a member of the 5th « Régiment de Chasseurs Alpins ». It was in fact the 5th Bataillon. From its creation as a permanent force in 1832 the Belgian army included regiments of both chasseurs à pied and chasseurs à cheval, performing the same roles as their French counterparts.
The battalion is dedicated to the ISTAR missions and has the standard of the 1st Chasseurs à Cheval. Federal Army adopted Chasseurs during the Civil War as a scouting and skirmishing force for use against the Confederate army. Their uniform was patterned after the French style, with the short, vented coat, though they were issued grey kepis. The 14th Brooklyn, one of the most famous regiments of the Civil War, wore a Chasseur uniform their whole term. In 1862, following the capture of Confederate-held New Orleans by Federal soldiers, an all black regiment named the Chasseurs d’Afrique was raised. The Belgian Army in World War I.
LETTER FROM THE FIRST UNITED STATES CHASSEURS ». This article needs additional citations for verification. They are trained to operate in mountainous terrain and in urban warfare. France created its own mountain corps in the late 19th century in order to oppose any Italian invasion through the Alps.