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You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. Arthurian legend and medieval Welsh poetry. Geoffrey’s rendering of the character was immediately popular, especially in Wales. Later writers expanded the account to produce a fuller image. The name « Merlin » is derived from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard who was one of the chief sources for the later legendary figure.
Clas Myrddin or Merlin’s Enclosure is an early name for Great Britain stated in the Third Series of Welsh Triads. Caerfyrddin, the Welsh name for the town known in English as Carmarthen. This contrasts with the popular folk etymology that the town was named for the bard. Geoffrey’s Prophetiae do not reveal much about Merlin’s background. He included the prophet in his next work, Historia Regum Britanniae, supplementing the characterisation by attributing to him stories about Aurelius Ambrosius, taken from Nennius’ Historia Brittonum. Geoffrey’s account of Merlin Ambrosius’ early life in the Historia Regum Britanniae is based on the tale of Ambrosius in the Historia Brittonum. Geoffrey dealt with Merlin again in his third work, Vita Merlini.
He based it on stories of the original 6th-century Myrddin, set long after his time frame for the life of Merlin Ambrosius. Geoffrey tried to assert that the characters are the same with references to King Arthur and his death, as told in the Historia Regum Britanniae. Nikolai Tolstoy hypothesizes that Merlin is based on a historical personage, probably a 6th-century druid living in southern Scotland. Several decades later, Robert de Boron retold and expanded on this material in his poem Merlin written around 1200.
Only a few lines of the poem have survived, but a prose retelling became popular and was later incorporated into chivalric romances. Robert’s poem was rewritten and continued in prose in the 13th century as the Estoire de Merlin, also called the Vulgate Merlin or Prose Merlin. Later medieval works also deal with the Merlin legend. Merlin’s deeds and with various Arthurian adventures in which Merlin does not appear at all. As the Arthurian myths were retold and embellished, Merlin’s prophetic aspects were sometimes de-emphasised in favour of portraying him as a wizard and an elder advisor to Arthur. His role could be embellished and added to that of Aurelianus Ambrosius, or he could be made into just one of old Uther’s favourite advisors. Waving her hands and uttering the charm, presently enclosed him fast within the tree.